Introduction To The Critical Study And Knowledge Of The Holy Scriptures Volume 3 – Thomas Hartwell Horne B.D.

This is Volume 3 of An Introduction To The Critical Study And Knowledge Of The Holy Scriptures – Thomas Hartwell Horne B.D. (1854).

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Index of the book (please forgive any unreadable bits – this index is computer generated from ancient texts):

Part I. A Sketch of the Historical a7id Physical Geography
of the Holy Land.
Chapter I. Historical Geography ofthe Holy Land,
I. Names.—II. Boundaries. — III. Inhabitants before the conquest of
Canaan by the Israelites.—IV. Division by Joshua.—.\\\\llotrnents of
the twelve tribes.—V. The kingdom under David and Solomon.
Vf. The kingdoms of Judah and Israel.—VII. Divisions in the time
of Jesus Christ,—VIII. Account of the city of Jerusalem :—l.lts
situation;—2. Names;—3. Fortihcations and walls ;—4. Remarkable
buildings ;—.5. Notice of the successive captures of the city ;

6. Sketch of its present state.—IX. Historical epochs.
Chapter II. Physical Geography ofthe Holy Land,
I. Climate.—II. Seasons.—I. Seed Time.—2. Winter.—5. The Cold
Season, or Winter Solstice.—4. Harvest.—5. Summer.—6. The
Hot Season.- -Heavy dews.—III. Rivers, lakes, wells, and fountains.—
IV. Mountains.—V. Vallies.—VI. Caves —VII. Plains. —VIII. Desert.*–.—Horrors and dangers of travelling in the Great
Desert of Arabia.—IX. Productions of the Holy Land.—Vegetables,
animak, and mines.—Testimonies of antiem and modern authors to its
fertility and population.—Its present degraded and comparatively uncultivated
state accounted for.—X. Calamities with which this country
was visited.—1. The Plague.—2. Earthquakes.—o. Whirlwinds.
—4. The devastations of locusts.—5. Famine.—6. Volcanoes.*-
7. The Simoom or pestilental blast of the desert. – – 28
Part IL On the Political and Military Affain of the
Chapter I. Different Forms of Government from the
Patriarchal Times to the Babylonian Captivity,
I. Patriarchal government.—II. Government under Moses—a theocracy; —its nature and design.—I. Notice of the heads or princes of tribes
and famihes.—2. Of the Jethronian prefects or judges appointed by
Moses.—5. Of the senate, or council of seventy assessors.—4. Scribes.

III. Government of the judges.—IV. Regal government instituted ;-
the functions and privileges of the kings;—inauguration of the kings; —scriptural allusions to the courts of sovereigns and princes explained
;—-revenues of the kings of Israel.—V. Schism between the
twelve tribes ;—the kingdoms of Israel and Judah founded j—their
duration and end. – – – 76
Chapter II. Political State of the Jews, from their Returnfrom
the Babylonish Captivity, to the Subversion
of their Civil and Ecclesiastical Polity,
Section I. Political State of the Jews under the Asnionean
Princes, and the Sovereigns of the Herodian Family,
I. Brief account of the Asmonean princes.—II. Herod the Great.—St.
Matthew\\\’s narrative of his murder of the infants at Bethlehem confirmed.
-^ III. Arclielaus. ^— IV. Herod Antipas. — V. Philip.—
VI. Herod Agrippa.—VII. Agrippa junior. – – 95
Section II. Political State of the Jews under t/ie Rotnan
Procurators^ to the Subversion of their Civil and Ecclesiastical
I. Powers and functions of the Roman procurators ; — II. Political
and civil state of the Jews under their administration.—III. Account
of Pontius Pilate.—IV. And of the procurators Felix and
Festus. – – – _ 101
Chapter III. Courts of Judicature, Legal Proceedings,
and Criminal Law of the Jews,
Section I. Jewish Courts of Judicature, and Legal Proceedings.
I. Inferior judges.—II. Seat of justice—Appeals,—llf. Constitution of the
Sanhedrin or Great Council.—IV. Form of h gal proceedings among
the Jews.—1. Citation of the parties.—2, 5. Form of pleading in civil
and criminal cases.—4. Witnesses.—5. The Lot, in what cases used
judicially.\\\”—6. Forms of acquittal.— 7. Summary Justice, sometimes
clamorously demanded.—V. Execution -of sentences, by whom, and
in what manner performed, – – – 106
Section II. Of the Roman Judicature, Manner of Trial, and
Treatment of Prisoners, as mentioned in the New Testament.
I. Judicial proceedings of the Romans.—II. Privileges and treatment
of Roman citizens, when prisoners.—III. Appeals to the imperial
tribunal.—IV. The Roman method of fettering and confining
criminals.—V. The Roman tribunals.—VI. The Areopagus of the
Athenians. – – – – 116
Section III. On the Criminal Law of the Jews.
I. Cbimes against God.—1. Idolatry.—2. Blasphemy.—3. Falsely
prophesying.—4. Divination.—5. Perjury.—II. Crimes against
Parents and Rulers.—III. Crimes against property :-—
1. Theft.—2. Man-stealing.

5. The crime of denying any thing
taken in trust, or found.—IV. Crimes against the person.—
1. Murder.—2. Homicide.—5. Corporal Injuries.—4. Crimes of
Lust.—5. Crimes of malice. – – 129
Section IV. On the Punishments mentioned in the Scriptures.
Design of punishments. — Classification of Jewish punishments. —
I. Punishments, not capital.—1. Scourging.—2. Retaliation. —5. Pecuniary fines.—4. Offerings in the nature of punishment.

5. Imprisonment.—Oriental mode of treating prisoners.—6. Depriving
them of sight. —7. Cutting or plucking oflf the hair.
8. Excommunication.—II. Capital punishments.—I. Slaying
with the sword.—2. \\\’Stoning.
3. Decapitation.—4. Precipitation.
5. Drowning.—6. Bruising in a mortar.—7. Dichotomy, or cutting
asunder.—8. Tu/^T-avitrfus, or beating to death.—9. Exposing to
^ wild beasts.—10. Crucifixion.—(1.) Prevalence of this mode of
\\\’ punishment among the antients.—(2.) Ignominy of crucifixion.
(3.) The circumstances of our Saviour\\\’s crucifixion considered and
illustrated. – – – – 139
Chapter V. Of the Jewish and Roman Modes ofcomputing
Timey mentioned in the Scriptures^
I. Days.—II. Hours.—m. Weeks.—IV. Months.— V. Years, civil,
ecclesiastical, and natural.—^Jewish calendar.—VI. Parts of time
taken for the whole.—VII. Remarkable sras of the Jews. – 165
Chapter VI. On the Tribute and Taxes mentioned in the
I. Annual payments made by the Jews for the support of their sacred
worship.—II. Tributes paid to their own sovereigns.—III. Tributes
and customs paid by them to foreign powers.—Notice of the moneychangers.—
IV. Account of the publicans or tax-gatherers. – 185
Chapter VIL On the Treaties, or Covenants^ and Contracts
ofthe Jews.
I. Treaties, how made and ratified.—Covenant of salt.—Allusions in the
Scriptures to the making of treaties or covenants.—II. Contracts for
the sale and cession of alienable property, how made. – 189
Chapter VIIL Ofthe Military Affairs of the Jeisos and
other Nations mentioned in the Scriptures.
Section I. On the Military Discipline of the Jews.
I. The earliest wars, predatory excursions.—^11. Character of the wars of
the Israelites—^Their. levies how raised—Cherethitfes and Pelethites. —Standing armies of the sovereigns of Israel.—III. Officers of the
Jewish armies ;—which were sometimes conducted by the kings in
person.—IV. Encampments,—V. jVlilitary schools and training.\\\’
VI. Defensive arms.—VII. Offensive arms.—VIII. Fortifications

IX. Mode of declaring war.—X. Order of battle.—Treatment of
the slain, of captured cities, and of captives.—XI. Triumphant reception
of the conquerors.—XII. Distribution of the spoil.—Mihtary
honours conferred on eminent warriors. – – 195
Section II. Allusions in the New Testament to the Military
Discipline and TriumpJis of the Romans,
I. Roman military officers mentioned in the New Testament.—II. Allusions
to the armour of the Romans.—III. To their military discipline.
-—Strict subordination.—Rewards to soldiers who had distinguished
themselves.—IV. Allusions to the Roman triumphs. – – 219
Part III. 0?i the Sacred Affairs ofthe Jews, and ofother
Nations incidentally mentioned in the Scriptures.
Chapter I. OfSacred Places. 229
Section I. Of the Tabernacle.
I. Different tabernacles in use among the Israelites.—II. The Tabernacle,
so called by way of eminence, not of Egyptian origin.—Its
materials.—III. Form and consti:uction of the Tabernacle.—Its contents.—
IV. Its migrations. – – – 232
Section II, Of the Temple.
I. The Temple of Solomon.—II. The second Temple.—Its various courts. —Reverence of the Jews for it. – – – S40
Section III. Of the High Places, and Proseucha:, or Oratories
of the Jews.
I. Of the high places.—II. Of the proseuchas, or oratories. – 249
Section IV. Of the Synagogues,
I. Nature and origin of synagogues.—^The synagogue of the Libertines
explained.—II. Form of the synagogues.—III. The officers or ministers.—
IV. The service performed in the synagogues.—V. On
what days performed.—VI. Ecclesiastical power of the synagogues. —VII. The Shemoneh Esrch, or nineteen prayers used in the synagogue
service – – \\\’ – . 552
Chapter II. Sacred Persons.
Section I. Of the Jewish Church and its Members.
I. The whole nation accounted holy.—II. Members of the Jewish church-
Hebrews of the Hebrews.—III. Proselytes—IV. Jews of the disl
persion.—V. Hellenistic Jews—VI. The Libertines—VII. Devout
men.- VIII. Circumcision.—IX. Proselytes how introduced into the
Jewish church. – _ . _ „»-\\\’-
Section II. On the Ministers of the Temple, and other ecclesiastical
or sacred Persons.
I. Of the Levires.— II. The Priests, their functions, maintenance, and
privileges.—HI. The high- priest.—Succession to the pontifical dignity. —His qualifications, functions, dress, and privileges.—IV. Officers of
the synagogue.—V. The Nazarites ; nature of their vows.—VI. The
Recbabites.—VII. The Prophets. – – . 28o
Chapter III. Sacred Things,
On the Sacrifices and other Offerings of the Jews,
General classification of sacrifices and offerings:—I. Bloody offerivgs
and the divine origin of sacrifices ;—1 . Different kinds of victims ;
2. Selection of victims ;—5. Manner of presenting them ;—4. Libations;

5. Immolation of the sacrifice;—6. The place and time appointed
for sacrificing;—7. Different kinds of fire-sacrifices;—
i. Burnt-off^ rings ; —ii. Peace-offerings ; — iii. Sin offerings;
iv. Trespass oflTerings ; —National, regular, weekly, monthly, and
annual sacrifices;—II. Unbloody offerings III. Drink offerings.—
IV. Ordinary oblations,—the shew-bread and incense
V. Voluntary oblations, Corban.—VI. Prescribed
oblations;—l. First fruits;—2. Tithes. goa
Chapter IV. Sacred Times and Seasons observed by the
I. The sabbath.—How observed.—^Jewish worship on that day.-—
Their prayers, pubhc and private; attitudes at prayer; forms of
prayer.—II. Their manner of worshipping in the temple.—III, Newmoons.—
IV. Annual festivals.-—V. The passovek; when celebrated,
and with what ceremonies ; its mystical or typical reference.—VI.
The Day of Pentecost.—VII. The Feast of Tabernacles. —VIII. Thr Feast of Trumpets.—IX. Day of Expiation.—
X. Annual festivals instituted by the Jews.

Feast of purim.—
XI. The Feast of dedication.—Other festivals observed at
stated mtervals.—Xn. The sabatical year.—XIII. The year
OF jubilee. – – – – 3l6
Chapter V. Sacred Ohlimtions and Duties,
Section I. Of Vows.
I. Nature of Vows—how far acceptable to God.—II. Requisites essential
to the validity of a vow.—III. Different sorts of vows.-<-l. The
Cherem or irretnissible vow.—2. Other vows that might be redeemed. —Of the Nazareate. , – – – 349
Section II. On the Purifications of the Jews.
1. Materials, with which the purifications of the Jews were performed.—
II. Ceremonies of purification.—III. Of the persons liistrated.—
IV. Account of the different kinds of legal impurities, particularly,
1. The leprosy of the person.—2. The leprosy of clothes.

3. The
house leprosy.—V. Minor legal impurities, and their lustrations. – 852
Chapter VI. On the Corruptions of Religion by the
Section I. On the Idolatry of the Jews.
I. Origin and progress of idolatry.—II. Sketch of its history among the
Israelites and Jews.—III. Idols worshipped by the Israelites alone.—
IV. Idols of the Ammonites, worshipped by the Israelites.—V. Idols of
the Canaanites or Syrians.—VI. Phoenician idols.—VII. Idols worshipped
in Samaria during the captivity.—Hieroglyphic stone.s, why
prohibited to the Jews.—VIII. Idols of the Greeks and Romans mentioned
in the New Testament.—IX, Allusions in the Scriptures to
the idolatrous worship of the heathen nations. – -360
Section II. Account of the Jewish Sects mentioned in the
New Testament.
1. The Sadducees.—ll. The Pharisees. —III. The Essenes.—IV. The
Scribes and Lawyers.—V. The Samaritans,—VI. The Herodians.

VII. The Galileans and Zealots.—VIII. The Sicarii. – – 392
Section III. On the extreme Corruption of the Jewish People,
both in Religion and Morals, at the Time of Christ\\\’s
General corruption of the leaders of the Jewish nation—of their chief
priests, and other ministers of religion—its deplorable effects on the
peofle—state of the Jews not resident in Palestine. – – 405
Part IV. On the Private Life, Manners, and Customs of
the Jews,
Chapter I. On the Dwellings of the Jews.
I. Tents. —II. Houses — their arrangement—materials—and conveniences.—
III. Furniture.—IV. Cities, and Markets. – •412
Chapter II. Oji the Dress of the Jews.
I. Dress in the early ages.—Upper garments.—II. Tunic—III. Dress of
the Women.—IV. Distinction between the lfx.a.riav or upper Garment
and the Xiruv or Tunic.—V. Mode of dressing the hair.

VI. Sandals.—VII. Some articles of female apparel elucidated.
VIII. Numerous changes of apparel, deemed a necessary part of their
treasures. A2c.
Chapter III. Jewish Customs relating to Marriage.
I. Marriage accounted a sacred obligation by the Jews.—II. Polygamy
tolerated —Condition of concubines.—III. Nuptial contract, and
espousals.—IV. Nuptial ceremonies.—V. Divorces.—VI. Adoption.
– – – . 439
Chapter IV. On the Condition of Slaves, and the Cus^
toms relating to them, mentioned or alluded to in
the New Xesta?nent.
I. Slaves how acquired,—II. Their condition among the Hebrews —
III. And amcng other nations.—Customs relating to them alluded
to in the New Testament. – – – 44R
Chapter V. Domestic Customs and Usages of the Jews,
I. Forms of salutation and politeness. — Reverence to superiors.—
II Mode of receiving guest.s or visitors.—III. Food and entertainments.—
IV. Mode of travelling. — V. Hospitality a sacred duty
among the Jews.—Account of the tessera; hospitales of the Greeks
and Romans. . . _ . 455
Chapter VI. Ow the Occupations, A rts, and Sciences of
the Hebrews.
I. Agriculture of the Jews.—II. Manures known nnd used by them.

III. Their mode of ploughing, sowing, and reaping.—IV. Different
ways of threshing out corn.—V. Vineyards, and the culture of the
vine and olive. —VI. Mechaniol arts. — VII. Art of writing.
VIII. Poetry and music.—IX. Art of medicine. – – 465
Chapter VII. Festivities and Amusements of the Jews,
and of othei^ Nations mentioned in the Scriptures.
1. Music.—II. Dancing.—Til. Allusions to the theatres and to theatrical
performances in the New Testament.—IV. Allusions to the Grecian
games, particularly the Olympic games.—1. Qualifications of the
candidates.—Preparatory discipline to which they were subjected —
2. Foot-race.\\\”—3. Rewards of the victors.—4. Beautiful allusions to
these games in the New Testament, explained. – . 488
Chapter VIII. Jeivish Mode of treating the Dead.—
Funeral Bites.
I. Mosaic law relating to the dead.—II. Treatment of the deceased.
III Lamentations for them.—IV. Rites of sepulture.—V. Notice
of the of the Jews —VI. Funeral feasts. —Duration of
mourning. – – – – – 501
No. I. Geographical Index of the principal Places mentioned
in the Scriptures^ especially in the New
Testament. ^ – – 1
No. 11. Tables of Weights^ Measures, and Moneys mentioned
in the Bible, – – – 59
No. III. A Chronological Index- of the principal Events
recorded in the Bible, r – – 61