The Story Of Ancient Egypt – George Rawlinson (M.A.) 1888

The Story Of Ancient Egypt in PDF

The Story Of Ancient Egypt by George Rawlinson is a very famous book about the history of ancient Egypt based on an archaeological perspective. This book should be useful to Bible readers as it provides a good historical knowledge of Israel 's neighbours.

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Index of the book (please forgive any unreadable bits – this index is computer generated from ancient texts):

CONTENTS.
The Land of Egypt
PAGE
1-22
General shape of Eg}-pt, i — Chief divisions : twofold
division, 2 ; threefold division, 3—The Egypt, of the maps
unreal, 4—Egypt, " the gift of the river," in what sense,
5, 6—The Fayoum, 7—Egj'ptian speculations concerning the
Nile, 7, 8—The Nile not beautiful, 8—Size of Egypt, 9—Fertility,
10—Geographical situation, 11, 12—The Nile, as a
means of communication, 12, 13—Phenomena of the inundation,
13, 14—Climate of Egypt, 14—Geology, 15—Flora and
Fauna, 16, 17—General monotony, 19—Exceptions, 20-22.
II.
The People of Egypt 23-45
Origin of the Egyptians, 23—Phenomena of their language
and type, 24—Two marked varieties of physique, 25—Two
types of character : the melancholic, 25, 27 : the gay, 27-29
—Character of the Egyptian religion : polytheism, 30, 31

Animal worship, 31-33—Worship of the monarch, 33
Osirid saga, 34, 35—Evil gods, 36—Local cults, 37—Esoteric
religion, 38 ; how reconciled with the popular belief, 39
Conviction of a life after death, 40, 41—Moral code, 41-43—
Actual state of morals, 43—Ranks of society, 44, 45.

The Dawn of History ….. 46-64
Early Egyptian myths : the Seb and Thoth legends, 46, 4}—
The destruction of mankind by Ra, 48—Traditions concerning
M'na, or Menes, 48—Site of Memphis, 49—Great Temple of
Phthah at Memphis, 50, 51—Names of Memphis, 51—Question
of the existence of M'na, 52, 53—Supposed successors of M'na,
54—First historical Egyptian, Sneferu, 55—The Egypt of his
time, 56—Hieroglyphics, 57—Tombs, 58—Incipient pyramids,
59, 60—Social condition of the people, 60—Manners,
61—Position of women, 62-64.
IV.
The Pyramid Builders ….. 65-94
Difficult to realize the conception of a great pyramid, 65

Egyptian idea of one, 66—Number of pyramids in Egypt
:
the Principal Three, 67—Description of the " Third Pyramid,"
67-71; of the "Second Pyramid," 72; of the "First" or
"Great Pyramid," 75-81—The traditional builders, Khufu,
Shafra, and Menkaura, 82 ; the pyramids their tombs, 82
Grandeur of Khufu's conception, 83—Cruelty involved in it,
84, 85—The builders' hopes not realized, 85, 86—Skill displayed
in the construction, 86—Magnificence of the architectural
effect, 89—Inferiority of the "Third Pyramid," 90
—Continuance of the pyramid period, 91-94.
V.
The Rise of Thebes to Power, and the Early
Thehan Kings ….. 95-]
Shift of the seat of power—site of Thebes, 95—Origin of the
name of Thebes, 96—Earliest known Thcban king, Antef I.,
97—Mis successors, Mentu-holep I. and "Antef the (jreat,"
98—Other Antefs and Mentu-hoteps, 98, 99—Sankh-ka-ra and
his fleet, 99, 100—Dynasty of Usurtasens and Amencmhats :

spirit of their civilization, loo, loi—Reign of Amenemhat I.,
I02—His wars and hunting expeditions, 103, 104—Usurtasen
I. : his wars, 105—His sculptures and architectural works,
106—His obelisk, 107-109—Reign of Amenemhat H. : tablet
belonging to his time, 109, iio—Usurtasen II. and his conquests,
III, 112.
VI.
The Good Amenemhat and his Works , 113-T23
Dangers connected with the inundation of the Nile, twofold,
113—An excessive inundation, 114; a defective one, I15

Sufferingsfrom these causes under Amenemhat III., 115, 116^
Possible storage of water, 1 17—Amenemhat's reservoir, the
"Lake Moeris," 1 18—Doubts as to its dimensions, 119, 120
Amenemhat's " Labyrinth," 121—His pyramid, and name of
Ra-n-mat, 122, 123.
VII.
Abraham in Egypt ….. 124-131
Wanderings of the Patriarch, 124—Necessity which drove him
into Egypt, 125—Passage of the Desert, 126—A dread anxiety
unfaithfully met, 127—Reception on the frontier, and removal
of Sarah to the court, 128—Abraham's material well-being,
129—The Pharaoh restores Sarah, 130—Probable date of the
visit, 130—Other immigrants, 131.
VIIL
The Great Invasion —The Hyksos or Shepherd
Kings—Joseph and Apepi . . 132-146
Exemption of Egypt hitherto from foreign attack, 132 —
Threatening movements among the populations of Asia, 133
Manetho's tale of the " Shepherd " invasion, 134—The probable
reality, 135, 136—Upper Egypt not overrun, 137—The

first Hyksos king, Set, or Saites, 138—Duration of the rule,
doubtful, 139—Character of the rule improves with time, 140
—Apepi's great works at Tanis, 144—Apepi and Ra-sekenen,
145—Apepi and Joseph, 146.
IX.
How THE Hyksos were Expelled from Egypt 147-169
Rapid deterioration of conquering races generally, 147, 148
Recovery of the Egj-ptians from the ill effects of the invasion,
149—Second rise of Thebes to greatness, 150—War of Apepi
with Ra-sekenen III., 151 — Succession of Aahmes ; war
continues, 152—The Hyksos quit Egynt. 153—Aahmes perhaps
assisted by the Ethiopians, 154-157.
X.
The First Great Warrior King, Thothmes I. 158-169
Early wars of Thothmes in Ethiopia and Nubia, 158-160

His desire to avenge the Hyksos invasion, 161—Condition of
Western Asia at this period, 162, 163—^Geographical sketch
of the countries to be attacked, 164, 165—Probable information
of Thothmes on these matters, 167—His great expedition
into Syria and Mesopotamia, 167—His buildings, 168—
His greatness insufliciently appreciated, 169.
XI.
Queen Hatasu and her Merchant Fleet . 170-1;
High estimation of women in Egypt, 170—Early position of
Hatasu as joint ruler with Thothmes H., 173—Her buildings
at this period, 173—Her assumption of male attire and titles,
174-177—Her nominal regency for Thothmes HI., and real
sovereignty, 177, 178—Construction and voyage of her fleet;
178-183—Return of the expedition to Thebes, 184—Construction
of a temple to commemorate it, 185 — Joint reign of
Hatasu with Thothmes III.—Her obelisks, 186—Her name
oMilerattd bv I'ho'.hmcs, 187.

XII.
Thothmes the Third and Amenhotep the
Second 189-207
First expedition of Thothmes III. into Asia, 189-191—His
second and subsequent campaigns, 191, 192—Great expedition
of his thirty-third year, 192, 193—Adventure with an elephant,
194—Further expeditions : amount of pUmder and tribute,
195—Interest in natural history, 196—Employment of a navy,
197—Song of victory on the walls of the Temple of Karnak,
198-199—Architectural works, 199-201—Their present wide
diffusion, 202—Thothmes compared with Alexander, 203

Description of his person, 204—Position of the Israelites under
Thothmes III., 205—Short reign of Amenhotep II., 206.
XIII. .
Amen-hotep III. AND HIS Great Works—The
' Vocal Memnon ….. 208-222
The " Twin Colossi" of Thebes : their impressiveness, 208-
211—The account given of them by their sculptor, 212—The
Eastern Colossus, why called "The Vocal Memnon," 213, 214
—Earliest testimony to its being "vocal," 214—Rational account
of the phenomenon, 215-217—Amenhotep's temple at
Luxor, 217, 218—His other buildings, 219—His wars and expeditions,
219, 220 —His lion hunts ; his physiognomy and
character, 221, 222,
XIV.
KhUENATEN AND THE DiSK-WORSHIPPERS . 223-:
Obscure nature of the heresy of the Disk-worshippers, 223-
225—Possible connection of Disk-worship with the Israelites,
226—Hostility of the Disk-worshippers to the old Egyptian
religion, 227—The introduction of the "heresy" traced to
Queen Taia, 228—Great development of the "heresy" under
her son, Amenhotep IV., or Khuenaten, 229—Other changes
introduced bv him, 230.

Beginning of the Decli-ne of Egypt . . 231-252
Advance of the Hittite power in Syria, 231—\\\\Yar of Saplal
with Ramesses I., 231—Warof Seti I. with Maut-enar, 232—
Great Syrian campaign of Seti, followed by a treaty, 233-235
— Seti's other wars, 236—His great wall, 237—Hittite war
of Ramesses II., 238-240—Poem of Pentaour, 241—Results
of the battle of Kadesh, a new treaty and an inter marriage,
242, 243—Military decline of Egypt, 244—Egyptian art reaches
its highest point : Great Hall of Columns at Karnak, 245

Tomb of Seti, 246, 247—Colossi of Ramesses IT., 248
Ramesses II. the great oppressor of the Israelites, 249
Physiognomies of Seti I. and Ramesses II., 250-252.
XVI.
Menephthah I., the Pharaoh of the Exodus 253-268
Good prospect of peace on Menephthah's accession, 253— •
General sketch of his reign, 254—Invasion of the Maxyes, 255
—Their Mediterranean allies, 256,257—Repulseof theinvasion,
258-261—Israelite troubles, 262-264—Loss of the Egyptian
chariot force in the Red Sea, 265—Internal revolts and
difficulties, 265—General review of the civilization of the
period, 266-268.
XVII.
The Decline of Egypt under the later
Ramessides …… 269-287
Temporary disintegration of Egypt, 269—Reign of Setnekbt,
270—Reign of Ramesses III., 271—General restlessness of
the nations in his time, 272—Libyan invasion of Egypt, 273,
274—Great invasion of the Tekaru, Tanauna, and others, 275,
276—First naval battle on record, 277, 278—Part taken by
Ramesses in the fight, 278-281—Campaign of revenge, 282
Later years of Ramesses peaceful, 283—General decline of
Egypt, 284—Insignificance of the later Ramessides, 284,285
Deterioration in art, literatuie, and morals, 285-287.

XVIII.
The Priist-Kings—Pinetem and Solomon . 288-297
Influence of the priests in Egypt, 288—Ordinary relations
between them and the kings, 289—High-priesthood of Ammon
becomes hereditary ; Herhor, 290—Reign of Pinetem I., 293
—Reign of Men-khepr-ra, 294—Rise of the kingdom of the
Israehtes, 295—Friendly relations established between Pinetem
II. and Solomon, 296—Effect on Hebrew art and architecture,
297.
XIX.
Shishak and his Dynasty 298-313
Shishak's family Semitic, but not Assyrian or Babylonian, 298
—Connected by marriage with the priest-kings, 299, 300—Reception
of Jeroboam by Shishak, 301—Shishak's expedition
against Rehoboam, 302—Aid lent to Jeroboam in his own
kingdom, 303—Arab conquests, 304—Karnak inscription,
305—Shishak's successors, 306—War of Zerah (Osorkon II. ?)
with Asa, 308—Effect of Zerah's defeat, 309—Decline of the
dynasty, 310—Disintegration of Egypt, 310, 311—Further
deterioration in literature and art, 311-313.
XX.
The Land Sh.\\\\dowing with Wings—Egypt
under the Ethiopians …. 314-330
Vague use of the term Ethiopia, 314—Ethiopian kingdom of
Napata, 315—Wealth of Napata, 316—Piankhi's rise to
power, 317—His protectorate of Egypt, 318—Revolt of Tafnekht
and others, 318— Suppression of the revolt, 319-322
Death of Piankhi, and revolt of Bek-en-ranf, 323—Power of
Shabak established over Egypt, 324—General character of the
Ethiopian rule, 324—Advance of Assyria towards the Egyptian
border, 325—Collision between Sargon and Shabak, 326

Reign of Shabatok—Sennacherib threatens Egypt, 327—
Reign of Tehrak, 328-330.

XXI.
The Fight over the Carcase—Ethiopia f.
Assyria ……. 331-341
Egypt attacked by Esarhaddon, 331, 332— Great battle near
Memphis, ^;i;i—Memphis taken, and flight of Tehrak to
Napata, 334—Egypt split up into small states by Esarhaddon,
334> 335—Tehrak renews the struggle, 336—Tehrak driven
out by Asshur-bani-pal, 337—His last effort, 337—Aitempt
made by Rut-Ammon fails, 338—Temporar}' success of Mi-
Ammon-nut, 339—Egypt becomes once more an Assyrian
dependency, 340—Her wretched condition, 341.
XXII.
The Corpse comes to Life again—Psamatik I.
AND his Son, Neco ….. 342-359
Foreign help needed to save a sinking state, 342— Libyan
origin of Psamatik I., 344—His revolt connected with the
decline of Assyria, 345—Assistance rendered him by Gyges,
345—His struggle with the petty princes, 346—Reign of
Psamatik : place assigned by him to the mercenaries, 347

His measures for restoring Egypt to her former prosperity,
348, 349—He encourages intercourse between Egj'pt and
Greece, 350-352—Egypt restored to life : character of the new
life, 353—Later years of Psamatik : conquest of Ashdod, 354 —Reign of Neco : his two fleets, 355—His circumnavigation
of Africa, 356—His conquest of Syria, 357—^Jeremiah on the
battle of Carchemish, 358—Neco's dream of empire terminates,
359.
XXIIL
The later Sa'ite Kings—Psamatik II., Apries,
AND Amasis …… 360-367
The Saitic revival in art and architecture, 360—Some recovery
of military strength, 361—Expedition of Psamatik II. into
Etiiiopia, 362—Part taken by Apries in the war betweenNebuchadnezzar and Zedekiah, 363—His Phoenician conquests,
364—His expedition against Cyiene, 364—Invasion of Egypt
by Nebuchadnezzar, 365—Quiet reign of Amasis, 366—The
Saitic revival not the recovery of true national life, 367.
XXIV.
The Persian Conquest ….. 368-380
Patient acquiescence of Amasis in his position of tributary to
Babylon, 368—Rise of the Persian power under Cyrus, and
appeal made by Croesus to Amasis, League of Egypt, Lydia,
and Babylon, 369, 370—Precipitancy of Croesus, 371—Fab of
Babylon, 371—Later wars of Cyrus, 372—Preparations made
against Egypt by Cambyses, 373, 374—Great battle of Pelusium,
375—Psamatik III. besieged in Memphis. 376—Fall of
Memphis, and cruel treatment of the Eg)'ptians by Cambyses,
• 377, 378—His iconoclasm checked by some considerations of
policy, 379—Conciliatory measures of Darius Hystaspis, 379,
380.
XXV.
Three Desperate Revolts …. 380-386
First revolt, under Khabash, easily suppressed by Xerxes,
381, 382—Second revolt under Inarus and Amyrtaeus, assisted
by Athens, 3S2, 383—Suppressed by Megabyzus, 384—Herodotus
in Egj-pt, 385—Third revolt, under Nefaa-rut, attains
a certain success ; a native monarchy re-established, 3S6.
XXVI.
Nectanebo I.—A Last Gleam of Sunshine . 387-392
Unquiet time under the earlier successors of Xefaa-rut, 387

Preparations of Nectanebo (Nekht Hor-heb) for the better
protection of Egypt against the Persians, 388—Invasion of
Egypt by Pharnabazus and Iphicrates, 389—Failure of the
expedition, 390—A faint revival of art and architecture, 391.

XXVII.
The Light goes out in Darkness 393-402
Reign of Te-her (Tacho), 393—Reign of Nectaneho II. (Nekhtnebf
), 394—Revolt of Sidon, and great expedition of Ochus,
394) 395—Sidon betrayed by Tennes and Memnon of Rhodes,
396—March upon Egypt : disposition of the Persian forces,
397—Skirmish at Pelusium, and retreat of Nekht-nebf to
Memphis, 398, 399—Capture of Pelusium, 399—Surrender of
Bubastis, 400—Nehkt-nebf flies to Ethiopia, 401—General
reflections, 402.