An Introduction To The Critical Study And Knowledge Of The Holy Scriptures Volume 2 PDF
This is Volume 2 of An Introduction To The Critical Study And Knowledge Of The Holy Scriptures – Thomas Hartwell Horne B.D. (1854).
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Index of the book (please forgive any unreadable bits – this index is computer generated from ancient texts):
SUMMARY OF BIBLICAL GEOGRAPHY AND ANTIQUITIES.
4. The Devastations of Locusts
6. The Simoom, or Pestilential Blast of the
k SKETCH OF THE HISTORICAL AITO PIIT8ICAL eEOOIIlPHY
OF THE HOLT LAND.
Chapter 1. Historical Geography of the Holy Land. page
I. Names 13, 14
II. Boundaries 14
III. Inhabitants before the Conquest of Canaan by the
IV. Division by Joshua.—Allotments of the Twelve
Tribes ,. . . .
. . . . 16,17
V. The Kingdom under David and Solomon . . 17
VI. Tlie Kingdoms of Judah and Israel ib.
VII. Divisions in the Time of Jesus Christ . . 17, 18
VIII. Account of the City of Jehi^alem :—
1. Names . 18, 19
2. Situation 19
3. Fortifications and Walls . . . . 19, 20
4. State of the City before the fatal War of the
Jews with the Romans …. 20
5. Remarkable Buildings …. 21
6. Notice of the successive Captures of the City ib.
7. Sketch of its present State . . . . 21,22
IX. Later Divisions of Palestine :
1. Under the Romans 22
2. In the Time of the Crusades . . . ib.
3. Modem Divisions under the Turkish Government
Chapter II. Phyaical Geography of the Holy Land,
Skctiov I. Climate, Seasons, and Physical Appear^
ance of the Conntry.
I Climate 23
II Seasons ib.
1. Seed-time ib.
2. Winter 23, 24
3. The Cold Season, or Winter Solstice . . \\\’24
4. Harvest (b.
5. Summer ib.
6. The Hot Season.—Heavy Dews . . 24, 25
ill. Rivers, Lakes, Wells, and Fountains.—Cisterns and
Pools of Solomon 25-29
IV Mountains 29-31
V. Valleys 31, 32
VI. Caverns 32
VII Plains 33
VIII Deserts 34
Horrors and Dangers of Travelling in the Great
Desert v^f Arabia 34,35
SicTioN II. On the Fertility and Productiont of the
I. Fertility of the Holy Land 35
II. Its Productions:
1. Vegetables 35-37
2. Cattle 37
3. Mines ib.
HI. Testimonies of Ancient and Modern Authors to its
Fertility and Populousness . . . 37, 38
IV Calamities with which this Country was visited :
1 The Plague 38
S. Earthquakes . . . ib.
3. Whirlwinds . ib
POLITICAl AWTmUITIES OF THE JEWS
Chapter I. Different Forms of Government, and
Political State of the Hebrews, or Jews, from the
Patriarchal Times to the Babylonian Captivity.
I. Patriarchal Government 40
II. Government under Moses,—a Theocracy ; its Nature
and Design 41
1. Heads, or Princes of Tribes and Families 41 42
2. Jethronian Prefects, or Judges appointed by
3. The Senate, or Council of Seventy Assessors ib.
4. Scribes ib.
III. Government of the Judges ib
IV. Regal Government instituted . . 42, 43
1. Functions and Privileges of the Kings 43,44
2. Inauguration of the Kings … 44
3. Chief Distinctions of Majesty . . ib
4. Scriptural Allusions to the Courts of Sovereigns
and Princes explained … 45, 46
V. Revenues of the Kings of Israel … 46
VI. Magistrates under the Monarchy … 46, 47
VII. Officers of the Palace 47
VIII. The Royal Harem ib
IX. Promulgation of Laws 47, 48
X. The Kingdoms of Judah and Israel founded . 48
Schism between the Twelve Tribes ; its latent
Causes • »i
XI. Reasons why the Kingdom of Judah subsisted
longer than that of Israel 49
XII. State of the Hebrews during the Babylonish Captivity
Chapter II. Political State of the Jews, from their
Return from the Babylonish Captivity to the Subversion
of their Civil and Ecclesiastical Polity.
Section I. Political State of the Jev/s under the Maccabees,
and the Sovereigns of the Herodian Family.
I. Brief Account of the Maccabees …. M
II. Sovereigns of the Herodian Family :
1. Ilerod the Great—St. Matthew\\\’s Narrative
of his Murder of the Infants at Bethlehem
confirmed 5Q 51
2. Archelaus 51
3. Herod Antipas hi
4. Philip ib.
5. Ilerod Agrippa ib
G. Agrippa, Junior ih.
7. Bcmice and Dmsilla ih
Section II. Political State of the Jews under the
Roman Procurators, to the Subversion of their
Civil and Ecclesiastical Polity.
I. Powers and Functions of the Roman Procurators .
II. Political and Civil State of the Jews under their
III. Account of Pontius Pilate
IV And of the Procurators, Felix, Festus, and Gessius
Florus . . •
Chapter III. Courts of Judicature, Legal Proceedings,
and Criminal Law of the Jews.
Section I. Jewish Courts of Judicature and Legal
I. Seat of Justice . . … M
II. Inferior Tribunals it>.
III. Appeals.—Constitution of the Sanhedrin or Great
Council 54, 55
IV. Time of Trials. —Form of Legal Proceedings
among the Jews 55
1. Citation of the Parties …. ih.
2, 3. Form of Pleading in Civil and Criminal
4. Witnesses.—Oaths …. ib.
5. The Lot, in what Cases used judicially ib.
6. Forms of Acquittal …. ib.
1. Summary Justice sometimes clamorously demanded
V. Executions of Sentences, by whom and in what
manner performed . … 57
Sectios II. Of the Roman Judicature, JManner of
Trial, Treatment of Prisoners, and other Tribunals
mejitioned in the JVew Testament.
I. Judicial Proceedings of the Romans . . . 57,58
II. Privileges and Treatment of Roman Citizens when
Prisoners 58, 59
III. Appeals to the Imperial Tribunal …. 59
IV. The Roman Method of fettering and confining
Prisoners 59, 60
V. The Roman Tribunals 60
VI. Other Tribunals mentioned in the New Testament
1. The Areopagus at Athens . . . . 60, 61
2. The Assembly at Ephesus …. 61
Sec Tiox III. On the Criminal Laiv if the .Tews.
^ I. Crimes against God :
1. Idolatry …. . . 61
2. Blasphemy …… 62
3. Falsely prophesying ib.
4. Divination ib.
5. Perjury . . ib.
II Crimes against Parents and Magistrates ib.
III Crimes against Property :
1. Theft 62
2. Manstealing 63
3. The Crime of denying any Thing taken in
trust or found ib.
4. Regulations concerning Debtors . . ib.
IV Crimes against the Person:—
1. Murder 63
2. Homicide ib.
3. Corporeal Injuries 63, 64
4. Crimes of Lust 64
V. Crimes of Malice ib.
Skctiok IV. 071 the Punishments mentioned in the
Design of Punishments.—Classification of Jewish
Punishments, not Capital:—
3. Restitution.—Pecuniary Fines
4. Offerings in the Nature of Punishment
5. Imprisonment.—Oriental Mode of treatin
6. Banishment ….
7. Depriving them of Sight
8. Cutting or plucking off the Hair
Capital Punishments :
1. Slaying with the Sword
Office oft lie Goel .
3. Burning to Death .
6. Drowning ….
7. Bruising in a Mortar
8 Dichotomy, or Cutting asunder
9 Tu^!7»vi(rf<!>5, or Beating to Death
10. Exposing to Wild Beasts
11. Crucifixi :n
(1.) Prevalence of this Mode of Punishment
among the Ancients
(2.) Ignominy of Crucifixion .
(3.) The Circumstances of our Saviour\\\’s
Crucifixion considered and illustrated
Chapter IV. On the Jewish and Roman Modes of •
computing Time, mentioned in the Scriptures,
II. Hours.—Watches of the Night ….
V. Year, Civil, Ecclesiastical, and Natural
Jewish Calendar ….
VI. Parts of Time taken for the Whole
VII. Remarkable ^ras of the Jews
Chapter V. On the Tributes and Taxes mentioned
in the Scriptures.
I. Annual Payments made by the Jews for the Support
of their Sacred Worship ….
II. Tributes paid to their own Sovereigns .
III. Tributes and Customs paid by them to Foreign
Powers.—Notice of the Money-changers .
IV. Account of the Publicans or Tax-gatherers
Chapter VI. On the Genealogical Tables of the He
brewsf and Public Memorials of Events.
I. On the Genealogical Tables of the Hebrews
II. Public Memorials of Events . …
I. Of Strangers . . . .
II. Of the Aged, Blind, and Deaf
HI. Of the Poor . . . .
^ I. Divisions of the Roman Army, and Roman Military
Officers, mentioned in the Nev\\\\ Testament
II. Allusions to the Armour of the Romans
III. Allusions to iheir Military Disciplihc—Strict Sub
ordination.—Rewards of the Soldiers who dis
JV. Allu.xions to the Roman Triumphs
Chapter VII. On the Treaties or Covenants, Contracts,
and Oaths of the .Tews.
I. Whether the Jews were prohibited from conclud
ing Treaties with Heathen Nations . . 8t>
II. Treaties, how made and ratified . . . . 80, 81
Covenant of Salt 81
III. Contracts for the Sale and Cession of alienable
Property, how made ib.
IV. Of Oaths 81,8a
Chapter VIII Laws respecting Strangers, Agtt.,
Blind, Deaf and Poor Persons.
Chapter IX. Of the Military .Affairs of the Jews,
and other Nations mentioned in the Scriptures.
Section I. On the Military Discipline of the Jews.
I The earliest Wars, predatory Excursions 83
n. Character of the Wars of the Israelites . . . 83,84
Their Levies, how raised 84
Mosaic Statutes concerning the Israelitish Soldiers 84, 85
ill. Divisions and Officers of the Jewish Army . . 85
IV. Encampments 86, 87
V. Military Schools and Training …. 87
VI. Defensi^ve Arms ……. 87, 88
VII. Offensive Arras 88
VIII. Fortifications 88,89
IX. Mode of declaring War 89
X. Military Tactics.—Order of Battle . • . 89, 90
Treatment of the Slain, of captured Cities, and of
XI. Triumphant Reception of the Conquerors . . 91
XII. Distribution of the Spoil ih
Military Honours conferred on eminent Warriors.
A Military Order established by David . 92
XIII. Trophies ib
Section II. Allusioiis in the JVew Testament to the
Military Discipline and Triumphs of the Romans.
•ICBKS i.KTiaUITIE9 OF THE JKW9, AWD OF OTHER ITATIOITS
INCIDENTALLT MENTIONED IN THE RCUIFTCRES.
Cdapter I. Of Sacred Places …. 95
Section I. Of the Tabernacle.
I Different Tabernacles in use among the Israelites
II The Tabernacle so called by way of eminence, not
of Egyptian Origin.—Its Materials
III. Form and Construction of the Tabernacle.—Its
IV. Its Migrations
Section^ II. Of the Temple.
The Temple of Solomon
The Snrond Temple
Its various Couris …….
Reverence of the Jews for it
Notice of the Temples at Heliopolis and Gerizim
Section III. On the High Places, and Proseuchx or
Oratorien of the Jews.
I. On the High Places ….. 101, 102
II. On the Proseuchae or Oratories . 102, 103
Section IV. On the Synagogue*.
I. Nature and Origin of Synagogues …. 103
The Synagogue of the Libertines explained . . ib.
n. Form of the Synagogues 104
III. The Officers or Ministers ih.
IV. The Service performed in the Synagogues . 104-106
V. Ecclesiastical Power of the Synagogues . . 107
VI. The Shemoneh Ezreh, or Nineteen Prayers used
in the Synagogue Service . . 105, 107
Chapter II. Sacred Persons.
SscTiON I. On the Jeieish Church and its Members.
I. The whole Nation accounted holy . . . 108
II. Members of the Jewish Church.—Hebrews of the
III. Proselytes 108, 109
IV. Jews of the Dispersion 109
V. Hellenists 110
VI. Libertines ih.
VII. Devout Men ih.
VIII. Circumcision 110,111
Section II. On the Ministers of the Temple and
other Ecclesiastical or Sacred Persons.
I. Ofthe Levites 111,112
II. The Priests, their Functions, Maintenance, and
III. The High-priest, his Functions, Dress, and Privileges
Succession to the Pontifical Dignity . . . 114,115
IV. Officers of the Synagogue . . . .\\\’ . 115
V. The Nazarites; Nature of their Vows … 116
VI. The Rechabites ih.
VII. The Prophets ib.
\\\’/»• after III. Sacred Things.—On the Sacrifices and
other Offerings of (he Jews.
General Classification of Sacrifices and Offerings . 116
Bloody OpFEaiNcs, and the Divine Origin\\\” of
1. Different Kinds of Victims …. ib.
2. Selection of Victims ih.
3. Manner of presenting them . . ih.
4. Immolation of the Sacrifice …. 117,118
5. The Place and Time appointed for Sacrificing
6 Different Kinds of Fire SacrificM . , ih.
i. Burnt-0ffering8 ih.
ii Peace-Offerings ih.
iii Sin-OfferingH ib.
iv Trespass-CMering* …. ib.
II. National, regular. Weekly, Monthly, and Annual
III. Unbloodv Offerings . . … t6
IV. Drink-Offerings ib
V. Other Oblations made by the Jews.
1. Ordinary Oblations:—
(1.) The Show-Bread …. ih.
(2.) Incense tb.
2. Voluntary Oblations—Korban . . ij.
3. Prescribed Oblations:—
(1.) First-Fruits . . . .119,120
(2.) Tithes 120
VI. Fitness and Utility of the Jewish Sacrifices . . 120,121
Chapter IV. Sacred Times and Seasons, observed by
I. The Sabbath.
1. How observed 12.
2. Jewish Worship on that Day ; particularly
their Manner of worshipping in the Temple 122
II. New Moons ih.
III. Annual Festivals.—Their important Design . . 122,123
IV. The Passover; when celebrated, and with what
Its Mystical or Typical Reference . . . . 125, 126
V. The Day of Pentecost V£[,
VI. The Feast of Tabernacles …. 126. 127
VII. Other Annual Festivals, viz.
1. The Feast of Trumpets …. 127
2. The Day of Expiation . . ib.
VIII. Annual Festivals instituted by the Jews in later
1. The Feast of Purim 128
2. The Feast of Dedication …. ib.
IX. Other Festivals observed at stated intervals:
1. The S.\\\\bbatical Year …. ib.
2. The Year of Jubilee . . 128,129
Chapter V. Sacred Obligations and Duties.
Section I. Of Voiot.
I. Nature of Vows 129
II. Requisites essential to the Validity of a Vow 129, 130
III. Different Sorts of Vows :
1. The Cherera or irremissible Vow . 130
2. Other Vows that might be redeemed :
i. Vows of Dedication … ih
il. Vows of Self-Interdiction, or Abstinence.—
Ofthe Nazareate . ih
Section II. On the Prayers and Fasts of the Jews.
I. Various Appellations given to Prayers . . 13]
II. Public Prayers ib
III. Private Prayers.—Attitudes of the Jews during
Prayer … 131,135
IV. Forms of Prayer in use among the Jews . 139
V. Fasts of the Jews :
1. Public Fasts Jft
2. Private Fasts ib.
3. Solemnities of the Jewish Fasts … ib
Section III. On the Purifications of the Jews.
I. Materials with which the Purifications of the Jews
were performed 131
II. Ceremonies of Purification ib
III. Of the Persons lustrated ih
IV. Account ofthe different Kinds of legal Impurities,
1. The Leprosy of the Person …. 133 1;A
2. The Leprosy of Clothes …. 134
3. The Ilouse-licprosy ih-
V. Minor legal Impurities and their Lustrations ib.
Chapter VI. On the Corruptions of Rdigion by the
Section I. On the Idolatry of the .Tews.
I. Origin and Progress of Pagan Idolatry . . .3S
Sketch of its History and Progress among the
Israelites and Jews 135, 136
II. Idols worshipped by the Israelites alone . . 136, 1,TT
III. Idols of the Ammonites, worshipped by the Israe •
IV. \\\’Idols af the Canaanites or Syrians …
V. Phoenician Idols
VI. Babylonian and Assyrian Idols ….
VII. Idols worshipped in Samaria during the Captivity
Hieroglyphic Stones, why prohibited to the Jews .
VIII. Idols of the Greeks and Romans mentioned in the
IX. Allusions in the Scriptures to the Idolatrous Worship
of the Heathen Nations . . . .
X. Different Kinds of Divination ….
Prevalence of Sorcery and Magic ….
Section II. On the State of Religion among the
Jews in the Time of Jesus Christ.
^ 1. Account of the Jewish Sects mentioned in the
§ 2. On the extreme Corruption of the Jewish People,
both in Religion and Morals, at the Time of
General Corruption of the Leaders of the Jewish
Nation.—Of their Chief Priests and other Ministers
of Religion.—^Its deplorable Effects on the
People.—State of the Jews not resident in Palestine
DOMESTIC ANTiaUITIES OF THE JEWS, AND OF OTHER NATIONS
INCIDENTALtT MENTIONED IN THE SCHIPTUHES.
Chapter I. On the Dwellings of the Jews.
I. Caves … 150
II. Tents 150, 151
III. Houses—their Arrangement—Materials and Conveniences
IV. Furniture 154, 155
V. Cities, Markets, and Gatee 155
Chapter II. On the Dress of the Jews.
I. Dress in the early Ages 155, 156
II. Tunic 156
III. Upper Garment—Other Articles of Apparel . . ib.
IV. Coverings for the Head.—Mode of dressing the
V. Sandals …. ^. … . 157
VI. Seals, or Signets, and Rings ib.
VII. Some Articles of Female Apparel elucidated . 158, 159
Complexion of the Women 159
VIII. Rending of Garments, a Sign of Mourning . . ib.
IX. Numerous Changes of Apparel deemed a necessary
Part of their Treasure ib.
Chapter III. Jewish Customs relating to Marriage.
I Marriage accounted a Sacred Obligation by the
II. Polygamy tolerated.—Condition of Concubines . ib.
HI. Nuptial Contract and Espousals …. 160, 161
IV. Nuptial Ceremonies 161, 168
V. Divorce 162, 163
Cha»^er IV. Birth, Nurture, ijfc. of Children.
I. Child-birth.—Circumcision—Naming of the Child
n Privileges of the First-born
ni. Nurture of Children ….
IV. Power of the Father over his Children.-
tion of his Property ….
Chapter V. On the Condition of Slaves and of Servants,
and the Customs relating to them, mentioned
or alluded to in the New l^estament.
I. Slaves, how acquired …. . 166
II. Their Condition among the Hebrews . . 165, 166
III. And among other Nations …. 166, 167
IV. Of hired Servants.—Customs relating to them,
and to Slaves, alluded to in the New Testament
…. … 167
V. Different Kinds of Slaves or Servants mentioned
in the Scriptures 167, l68
Chapter VI. Domestic Customs and Usages of the
I. Forms of Salutation and Politeness.—Reverence to
Superiors 168, 169
II. Mode of receiving Guests or Visitors . . .169, 170
III. Conversation and Bathing 170
IV. Food and Entertainments 171-173
V. Mode of Travelling 173
VI. Hospitality, a Sacred Duty among the Jews . . ib
Account of the Tesserae Hospitales of the Greeks
and Romans…. … 173, 174
Chapter VII. On the Occupations, Literature, Studies,
and Sciences of the Hebrews.
Section I. Rural and Domestic Economy of the
I. Management of Cattle by the Jews.—Various
Animals reared by them 174-176
II. Laws of Moses respecting Agriculture . . 176
HI. Manures known and used by the Jews . . .176, \\\\Ti
IV. Their Mode of Ploughing, Sowing, and Reaping
V. Different Ways of threshing out Corn . . . 178
VI. Vineyards, and the Culture of the Vine and Olive-
VII. Allusions in the Scriptures to the Rural and Domestic
Economy of the Jews 180
Section II. On the Arts cultivated by the Hebrews
I. Origin of the Arts.—State of them from the Deluge
to the Time of Moses 180, 181
II. State of the Arts from the Time of Moses until the
HI. State of the Arts after the Captivity
IV. Account of some of the Arts practised by the
1. Writing: Materials used for this Purpose
Letters : Form of Books
V. Music and Musical Instruments
Section III. On the Literature and Sciences of the
I. Schools 184
On the Schools of the Prophets in particular . . 184, 185
II. Appellations given to the Jewish Doctors cr
m. Their Method of Teaching ib
IV. Studies of the Jews :
1. History 186, 186
2. Poetry 18«
3. Oratory ih
4. Ethics ih
5. Physics ih
6. Arithmetic • t*
7. Mathematics »*
8. Astronomy • ih
9. Astrology ih.
10. Surveying \\\’87
11. Mechanic Arts »*
12. Geography • • *i
<«CTiow IV. On (he Commerce and J^aviffation of
I. Commerce of the Midianltes, Egyptians, and Phoenicians
II. Mode of transporting Goods …… ih.
in. Commerce of the Hebrews, particularly under Solomon
and his Successors 187, 188
I v. Notice of Ancient Shipping 188,189
V. Money, Weights, and Measures …. 189
oHAPTER VIII. JmusementsofiheJeios.—Allusions
to the Theatres, to Theatrical Performances, and to
the Grecian Games, in the New Testament.
I. Recreations of the Jews in Domestic Life
II. Military Sports
II. Introduction ol\\\’ Gymnastic and Theatrical Exhibitions
among the Jews
IV. Allusions to the Theatres and to Theatrical Performances
in the New Testament
V. Allusions to the Grecian Games, particularly the
Olympic Games :
1. Qualifications of the Candidates .
Preparatory Discipline to which they were
3. Rewards of the Victors ….
4. Beautiful Allusions to these Games, in the
New Testament, explained
CHAPTER IX. On the Diseases mentioned in the Scriptures,
Treatment of the Bead, and Funeral Rites.
SscTiON I. On the Diseases mentioned in the Scriptures.
I. Origin and Progress of the Art of Medicine in the
II. Notice of Remedies in use among the Jews . . 195
III. Account of some particular Diseases mentioned in
he Scriptures, viz.
1. The Leprosy . 195, 19G
2. Elephantiasis, the Disease of Job
3. Disease of the Philistines ….
4. Disease of King Saul
5. Disease of King Jehoram ….
6. Disease of King Hezekiah ….
7. Disease of Nebuchadr.ezzar
9. Issue of Blood
11. Reality of Demoniacal Possessions proved .
Sectiox II. Treatment of the Dead.—Funeral Bites.
I. Jewish Notions of Death ….
II. Mosaic Laws relating to the Dead .
III. Preparations for Interment ….
IV. Rites of Sepulture.—Lamentations for the Deisd
V. Notice of the Tombs of the Jews .
Monumental Inscriptions ….
VI. Funeral Feasts.—Duration of Mourning
ON THE ANALYSIS OF SCRIPTURE.
ANALYSIS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT.
Chapter I. On the Pentateuch, or Five Books of
Section I. General Observations on the Pentateuch.
I. Title.—II. Argument of the Pentateuch.—IH. Notice
of other Writings ascribed to Mos«w . . . 203
Skctiox II. On the Book of Genesis.
I. Title.—II. Author and Date.—III. General Argument.—
IV. Scope.—V. Types of the Messiah.
VI. Synopsis.—VII. Literal Sense of the first three
Chapters of Genesis vindicated 803-206
Sectiox III. On the Book oj Exodus.
I. Title.—II. Author and Date.—III. Occasion and
Subject-matter.—IV. Scope.—V. Types of the Messiah.—
VI. Synopsis of its Contents.—VII. Remarks
on the Plagues inflicted upon the Egyptians 20C, 207
Sectioic IV. On the Book of Leviticus.
I. Title, Author, and Date.—II. Scope.—HI. Synopsis
of its Contents . . 207, 20S
Sectiok V. On the Book of JVumbers.
I. Title, Author, Date, and Argument.—II. Scope.
HI. Types of the Messiah.—IV. Prediction of the
Messiah.—V. Chronology.—VI. Synopsis of its Contents.—
VII. Observations on the Book of the Wars
of the Lord, mentioned in Numbers xxi. 14. . . 20S-210
Section VI. 0;i the Book of Deuteronomy.
I. Title, Date, and Chronology.—II. Scope.—HI. Prediction
of the Messiah.—Iv. Synopsis of its Con
tents—V. Observations 210-218
Table or Harmony of the entire Jewish Law . . 212, 213
Chapter II. On the Historical Books.
Section I. General Observations on the Historical
Section II. On the Book of Joshua.
I. Author and Genuineness of this Book.—II. Argument.—
III. Scope.—IV. Synopsis of its Contents
V. Observations on the Book of Jasher, mentioned in
Josh. X. 13 214-216
Section III. Gn the Book of Judges
Title.—II. Date and Author.—]
logy, and Synopsis of its Contents
I. Title.—Author.—HI. Scope, Chronoiynopsis
on some difficult Passages in this Book 216,217
Section IV. On the Book of Ruth.
I. Title and Argument.—II. Chronology.—III. Author. —IV. Scope.—V. Synopsis of its Contents . . 218
Section V. On the Two Books of Samuel.
I. Title.—II. Authors.—III. Argument, Scope, and Analysis
of the First Book of Samuel.—IV. Argument,
Scope, and Analysis of the Second Book of Samuel. —V. General Observations on these two Books . 218-23U
Section VI. O71 the Ttoo Books of Kings.
I. Order and Title of these Books.—II. Author.
HI. Argument and Synopsis of the First Book of
Kings.—IV. Argument and Synopsis of the Second
Book of Kings.—V. General Observations on these
Section VII. On the Books of Chronicles.
I. Title.—II. Author and Date.—HI. Scope and Analy
sis of the two Books of Chronicles.—^IV. Observations
on them 222-224
Section VIII. On the Book of Ezra.
I. Title and Author.—II. Argument, Scope, and Synopsis
of its Contents.—III. Observations on a spurious
Passage ascribed to Ezra 224, 829
Section IX. On the Book of J^\\\’ehemiah.
I. Title and Author.—II. Argument and Synopsis of
its ContenU 2Si
Section X. On the Book of Esther.
I. Title. II. Author.—IIL Argument.—IV. Synopsis
of its Contents 225 28f
Chapter III. On the Poetical Books.
Section I. On the Book of Job.
i. Title of the Book;—II. Reality of Jobs Person.
III. Age in which he lived.—IV. Scene of the
Poem of Job.—V. Author and Canonical Authority. —VI. Structure of the Poem.—VII. Argument and
Scope.—VIII. Spurious Addition to this Book in the
Sep\\\’uagint Version.—IX. Rules for studying this
Book to advantage.—X. Synopsis.—XI. Idea of the
Patriarchal Theology, as contained in the Book of
Job . . . ….
Sr.CTiON II. On t/ifi Booh of Psalms.
I. General Title of this Book.—H. Structure of the
Psalms.—III. Their Canonical Authority.—IV. Authors
to whom they are ascribed :—1. Moses.
2. David.—3. Asaph.—4. The Sons of Korah.—5. Jeduthun.
—6. Heman and Ethan. —7. Solomon.
8. Anonymous Psalms.—V. Chronological Arrangement
of the Psalms by Calmet—VI. Collection of
of the Psalms into a Volume.—VII. The Inscriptions
or Titles prefixed lo the different Psalms.—VIII. Pro-
I\\\’-.ible meaning of \\\’.he Word Selah.—IX. Scope of the
Book of Psalms.—X. Rules for better understanding
I hem.—XI. A Table of the Psalms, classed according
to iheir several Subjects
Hi:cTio\\\\ III. On the Book of Proverbs.
i. Tide, Author, and Canonical Authority.—II. Scope. —III. Synopsis of its Contents.—IV. Observations on
SEcTioif IV. Oji the Book of JScclesiastes.
I. Title, Author, and Canonical Authority.—II. Scope
and Synopsis.—III. Observations ….
Sr.cTiojT V. On the Song\\\’ of Solomon.
1. Author.—II. Canonical Authority.—III. Structure of
the Poem—its Subject and Scope—the Song of Solomon,
a sublime mystical Allegory ….
C\\\’iiAFTER IV. On the Prophets.
Si^i.cTiON I. General Observations on the Prophets
and their Writings.
1. The Prophetical Books, why so called.—II. Different
Kinds of Prophets mentioned in the Scriptures.
III. Situation of the Prophets, and their Manner of
Living.—IV. Mosaic Statutes concerning Prophets.
Evidences of a Divine Mission.—^^ (^ualiilcations
of the Prophets.—VI. Nature of liie Prophetic Inspi-
-ration.—VII. Antiquity and Succession of the Prophets.—
VIII. Collection of their Writings, and Mode
of announcing their Predictions.—IX. Number and
Order of the Prophetic Books
:>riov II. Of the Prophets lohn fourished before
tlie Babylonian Captirit;/.
V. 1. On the Book of the Prophet Jonah.
I. Titlt! and Author —II. Occasion of the Prophecy of
Jonah.—III. Scope.—IV. Synopsis of its Contents
? 2. On the Book of the Prophet Amos.
I. Author.—II. Occasion of his Prophecy.—III. Its*
Scope.—IV. Synopsis of its Contents.—V. Observations
on its Style
§ 3. On the Book of the Prophet Ifisea.
I. Author and Date.—II. Occasion and Scope of the
Prophecy.—III. Synopsis of its Contents.—IV. Observation
on its Style
§ 4. On the Book of the Prophet Isaiah.
Author and Date.—II. Genuineness of his Predictions.—
III. Scope.—IV. Analysis of the Contents of
this Book.—V. Observations on its Style .
§ 5. 071 the Book of the Prophet Joel.
I. Author and Dale.—II. Occasion and Scopo —
III. Analysis of the Book.—IV. Observations on .ts
Style . . … 270
§ 6. On the Book of the Prophet Micah,
I. Author and Date.—II. Occasion and Scope —III Synapsis
of its Contents.—IV. Prophecies concerning
the Messiah.—V. Observations on its Style 270, 2 .
§ 7. On the Book of the Prophet J\\\\rahiim.
I. Author and Date.—II. Scope and Synopsis oi i.-^
Contents.—III. Observations on its Style . . 271
§ 8. On the Book of the Prophet Zephaniah.
I. Author and Date.—II. Scope and Analysis of this
Book …. .9
Section III. Of the Prophets -who flourished near to
and during the Babylonian Captivity.
§ 1. On tlie Book of the Prophet Jeremiah.
I. Author and Date.—II. Occasion of his Prophecies.
Different Collections of them.—III. Synopsis of their
Contents.—IV. Prophecies concerning the Messiah.
—V. Observations on their Style …. 272-27t
§ 2. On the Lamentations of Jeremiah.
I. Author, Date, and Argument of the Book.—II. Synopsis
of its Contents.—III. Observations on its Style
and Structure 276, 277
§ 3. On the Book of the Prophet Habakkiik.
I. Author and Date.—II. Analysis of his Prophecy.
III. Observations on his Style 27*
§ 4. On the Book of the Prophet Daniel.
I. Author and Date.—II. Analysis of its Contents.
III. Observations on its Canonical Authority and
Style.—IV. Account of the spurious Additions made
toil … 277-28S
§ 5. On the Book of the Prophet Obadiah.
I. Author and Date.—II. Synopsis ol its Contents . 282,383
§ 6. On the Book oj the Prophet Ezekiel.
I. Author and Date.—II. Canonical Authority of the
Prophecies of Ezekiel.—III. Their Scope.—IV. Analysis
of them.—V. Observations on the Style of Ezekiel
. . ……. 283-28-
Section IV. Of the Prophets -who flourished after
the Return of the Jews from Babylon.
§ 1. On the Book of the I^rophet Ilaggai.
I. Author and Date.\\\’— II. Argument and Scope.
III. Analysis of its Contents.—IV. Observations on
its Style 287
§ 2. On the Book of the Prophet Zechariah.
I. Author and Date.—II. Analysis of its Contents.
III. Observations on its Style.—IV. The last six
Chapters proved to be genuine 287,281
§ 3. On the Book of the Prophet Malachi.
I. A thor and Date.—II. Occasion and Scope of this
Pu v.hecy.—in. Analysis of its Contents.—IV. Style 288,28*
Chapter V. (Jn the .Apocrypha.
I. Accouni of the First Book of Esdras.—II. Of the
Secoii\\\’l B(x^kof Esdras.—IK. Of the Book of Tobit—
IV. Oi the Book vi .\\\’Milith.- V. Of the rest of the
Chapters of Ksihcr—VI. Of the Book of Wisdom.—
VII. Of iheBookof Eccle«iasticus.— VIII. Of Baruch.
—IX. Of the Song of the Three Children.—X. Of the
History of Susanna.—XI. Of Bel and tho Dragon.—
XII. Of the Prayer of Manasses.-XHI. Of tho Books
of Maccabees . . • • • 280-293
ANALYSIS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.
(\\\’hapter I. On the ClasslJiccUion of the Books of the
New Testament ……
Chapter 11. On \\\’he Historical Books of the New
Suction I, On the JVume and JVnmber of the Canonical
I. Observations oil the General Appellation of Gospel,
as applied to the Histories of Jesus Chri.st.—II. General
SVojie of the (Jo.spols.—HI. Their Number.
IV. lrn[M)rtancc of the Gospels ….
Mection II. On the Gospel by Saint Matthe-w.
I. Author.—H. Date.—HI. In what Language written. —IV. Genuineness and Authenticity of Saint Matthew\\\’s
Go.spel in general.—V. The Authenticity of
the first two Chapters examined and substantiated.
VI. Scope of thi.s Gospel.—VII. Synopsis of its Contents
—VIII. Observations on its Style ,
Sectiov in. On the Gospel by Saint Mark.
\\\\. Title.—II. Author.—III. Genuineness and Authenticity
of this Gospel.—IV. Probable Date.—V. Occasion
and Scope.—VI. In what Language written.
VII. Synopsis of its Contents.—VIII. Examination
•jf the Question, whether Marli transcribed or abridged
the Gospel of Matthew.—IX. Observations on his
Style . .
Wkctiox IV. On the Gospel by Saint Luke.
I. Title.—H. Author.—III. General Proofs of the Genuineness
and Authenticity of this Gospel.—1. Vindication
of its Genuineness from the Objections of Michaelis
in particular.—2. Genuineness of the first two
Chapters, and of Chapters viii. 27—39. and x.tii. 43,
44.—IV. Date, and where written.—V. For whom
written.—VI. Occasion and Scope of this Gospel.
VII. Synopsis of its Contents.—VIII. Observations
on this Gospel . . • 307-313
Mectiox V. On the Gospel by Saint John.
I Title.—II. .\\\\uthor.—HI. Date.—IV. Genuineness and
Authenticity of this Gospel, particularly of Chapter
XXI. and Chapter VH. 53. and VIII. 1—11.—V. Its
Occasion and Design.—Account of the Tenets of
Cerinthus.—Analysis of its Contents.—VI. The Gospel
of John a Supplement to the other Three.
VII. Observations on its Style 313-318
\\\”*KCTiox VL On the Acts of the Apostles.
I. Title.—II. Author.—III. Genuineness and Authenicity.—
IV. Scope.—\\\\\\\’. Chronology.—VI. Analysis
of the Contents of this Book.—VII. Observations on
its Style.—VIII. On the Importance of this Book, as
an Evidence for the Truth of Christianity . . 318-321
Chapter 111. On the Epistolary or Doctrinal Writ\\\’
ings of the New Testament, particularly those of
?ECTiojf I. Account of the Apostle Paul.
I. The Biith and Education of Paul—his persecution
of the Disciples of Christ—and his Conversion.—Observations
upon it.—II. His subsequent Travels and
Labours, to his second Visit to Jerusalem.—HI. His
Vol. II. B
third Visit to Jerusalem, and subsequent I^^bours. to
his fourth Visit to Jerusalem.—IV. Ilis Journeys and
Labours, to his fifth Visit to Jerusalem.—V. To his
first Imprisonment at Rome.—VI. His subsequent
Journeys, second Imprisonment, and Martyrdom.
VII. Character of Paul.—VIII. Observations on the
Style of his Writings 32I-32S
Skction IL Observations on the Apostolical Epistles
in general, and those of Saint Paul iti particular.
I. Importance of the Epistles.—Nature of these Writings.—
II. Number and Order of the Epistles, particularly
those of Paul.—HI. Of tho Catholic Epistles,
and their Order.—IV. General Plan of the Ajtostolic
Epistles.—V. Causes of their obscurity considered
and explained.—Observations on tho Phraseology of
Paul in particular 329-331
Section III. On the Epistle to the Romans.
\\\\. Date, and where written.—II. Genuineness and Authenticity
of this Epistle.—HI. The Church at Rome,
when and by whom founded.—IV. Occasion and
Scope.—V. Internal State of the Church at Rome.
VI. Scope.—VII. Synopsis of its Contents.—VIII. Observations
on this Epistle 331-394
Section IV. On the First Epistle to the Corinthians.
I. Slate of the Corinthian Church.—II. Occasion of this
Epistle.—HI. Its Scope and Analysis.—IV. Date and
Genuineness.—V. Examination of the Question, how
many Epistles Paul wrote to the Corinthians . . 334. 33.^
Section V. On the Second Epistle to tlie C-orinthians,
I. Date, and where written.—II. Occasion of this Epistle.—
HI. Sonne.—IV. Synopsis.^—V. Observations on
this Epistle.—VI. A supposed Chronologica. Difficulty
Section VI. On the Epistle to the Galatians
I. Noticeof the Christian Church in Galatia.—II. Date —HI. Genuineness and Authenticity of this Epistle. —IV. Its Occasion and Scope.—V. Synopsis of its
Contents.—VI. Observations on this Epistle . . 337 33^
Section VII. On the Epistle to the Ephesians
I. Account of the Church at Ephesus.—^11. Genuineness
and Authenticity of this Epistle, which was addressed
to the Ephesians, and not to the Church at
Laodicea.—HI. Date.—IV. Occasion and Scope.
V. Synopsis of its Contents.—VI. Observations on its
Section VIIL On the Epistle to the Philippians.
I. Account of the Church at Philippi.—II. Date.—
HI. Occasion.—IV. Scope and Synopsis of iu Contents
Section IX. On the Epistle to the Colossians.
I. Account of the Church at Colossae.—II. Date.
HI. Occasion of this Epistle.—IV. Scope and Analysis
Section X. On the First Epistle to the Thessalo
I. Account of the Christian Church there.—II. Genuineness
of this Epistle.—HI. Its Occasion and Scope.
—IV. Synopsis of its Contents . . . 341. 342
Section XI. On the Second Epistle to the Thessalo
I. Date, Occasion, and Scape of this Epistle.—11. Analysis
of its Contents.— III. Observations on this
Epistle …….. Mi
Section XII. On the First Epistle to Timothy.
I. Account of Timothy.—II. Date of this Epistle—
111. Genuineness and Authenticity of the Two Epistles
to Timothy—IV. Scof a and Synopsis jf the First
Epistle.—V. Observations on the Use which the
Church is to make, in ev( ry Age, of Paul\\\’s £pistlos
to Timothy and Titus
Section XIII. On tlis Second Epistle to Timothy.
1. Date.—II. Of tlie Place where Timothy was, when
Saint Paul wrote this Epistle to him.—III. Its Scope.
—IV. Synopsis of its Contents.—V. Observations on
Skctio.v XIV. On the Epistle to Titus.
Account of Titus.—II. Christianity, when planted
in Crete.—III. Date.—IV. Scope and Analysis of this
Epistle.—V. Observations on it
Sf.ctiox XV. On the Epistle to Philemon.
I. Account of Philemon.—II. Date.—III. Genuineness
and Authenticity.—IV. Occasion and Scope of this
Epistle.—V. Observations on it
Section XVI. On the Epistle to the Hebrews.
I. To whom written.—II. In what Language.—III. Its
Genuineness and Authenticity.—Proofs that it was
written by Saint Paul.—IV. Its Date.—V. Occasion
and Scope of <his Epistle.—VI. Synopsis of its Contents
CHArTER IV. On the Catholic Epistles.
^Section I. On the Genuineness and Authenticity of
the Catholic Epistles.
1. Origin of the Appellation, Catholic Epistles.—II. Its
Antiquity.—Observations on their Authenticity.
III. On the Order in which they are usually placed
•Section II. On the General Epistle of James.
I. Account of the Author of this Epistle.—II. Its Genuineness
and Authenticity.—III. To whom addressed. —IV. Its Scope.—V. Synopsis of its Contents.
VI. Observations on this Epistle …. 358-360
Section III. On the First General Epistle of Peter.
I. Account of the Apostle Peter.—II. Genuineness and
Canonical Authority of this Epistle.—III. To whom
written.—IV. Of the Place whence it was sent.
Date.—V. Its Design and Contents.—VI. Observations
on the Style of Saint Peter\\\’s two Epistles
Section IV. On the Second General Epistle ofPeter.
I. Its Genuineness and Canonical Authority.—II. Date. —III. Suope and Synopsis of its Contents
Section V. On the First General Epistle of John.
I. Genuineness and Canonical Authority.—II. Date.
III. Of the Persons to whom this Epistle was written. —IV. It.s Occasion and Scope.—Account of the false
Teacher whose Principles are refuted by the Apostle.
—V. Synopsis of its Contents.—VI. The Question
concerning the Authenticity of the disputed Clause
in 1 Johji V. 7, 8. considered
Section VI. On the Second and Third Epistles of
I. Genuineness, Authenticity, and Date of these Epistles.—
II. The Second Epistle, to whom addressed.
III. Its Scope.—IV. The Third Epistle, to whom addressed.—
V. Its Scope.—VI. Observations on this
Epistle . 376.377
Section VII. On the General Epistle of Jude.
I. Account of the Author.—II. Genuineness and Authenticity.—
III. Date.—IV. Of the Persons to whom
this Epistle was addressed.—V. Its Occasion and
Scope.—VI. Observations on its Style . . . 377, 378
Chapter V. On the Revelation of Saint John the
I. The Genuineness of this Book shown, 1. From External
Evidence; 2. From Internal Characters.
II. Its Date.—III. Occasion and Scope.—IV. Synopsis
of its Contents.—V. Observations on this Book . 378-38*
1. On the Sources of the first three Gospels.
I. Different Hypotheses stated.—II. Examination of the
Hypothesis, that the Evangelists abridged or copied
from each other.—III. Examination of the Hypothesis,
that the Evangelists derived their Information
from a primary Greek or Hebrew Document.
IV. Examination of the Hypothesis, that they consulted
several Documents.—V. And of the Hypothesis,
that Oral Tradition was the Source of the first
three Gospels.—VI. That the only Document consulted
by the first three Evangelists was the Preaching
of our Saviour himself
II. Tables of W^eights, Measures, and Money,
mentioned in the Bible ….
III. A Chronological Table of the Principal
Events recorded in the Bible . . . 395-399
IV. Bibliographical Appendix, containing a
Concise Account of the Principal Editions
OF the Holy Scriptures, and of the Principal
Philologers, Critics, and Commentators
who have elucidated the Text, History,
AND Antiquities of the Bible . . 1-165
Addenda to the Bibliographical Appendix – 166
I. An Historical, Biographical, and Geographical
Index of the Principal Nations,
Persons and Places, sientioned in the
ScniPTUiiEs ……. Addenda to the Historical, &c. Index .
Index of the Stmbolical Language of Scripture
III. General Index of Matters ….
IV, Index of the Principal Texts Illustrated
V. Index to the Bibliographical Appendix
Index to the Addenda to the Bibliogbaphi-
CAL Appendix –